In this tutorial I will proceed to explain how to setup a full developer environment in a VMWare virtual machine. This will help you test more closely to the production environments, and will allow you to develop directly in Jails, and run databases / other services in a containerised and controlled manner, without compromising you base system.
We will install a GUI on FreeBSD so you can run the IDE of your choice and have a full blown capable system.
Firstly you should perform a base installation of FreeBSD with Root on ZFS, following my tutorial hosted on this very website. You may prefer a different partitioning or combination of hard disks, that will be up to you. I will use 1 Virtual HDD with 2 partitions, one for the system zpool and one for the Jails zpool, as stated in the tutorial.
Once you have a properly partitioned and clean FreeBSD install with a user of your choice you can follow the rest of this tutorial.
We will begin by updating the system with:
freebsd-update fetch freebsd-update install
Then the package manager:
pkg update pkg upgrade
We will then install the Open VM tools and graphics driver which will enable several functionalities in the machine.
pkg install open-vm-tools pkg install xf86-video-vmware pkg install xf86-input-vmmouse
Then with that installed, add the following to
/etc/rc.conf to enable services for GUI support and VMWare extensions.
# Your keyboard and mouse won't work without this. hald_enable="YES" dbus_enable="YES" # Mouse moused_enable="YES" # VMWare Tools vmware_guest_vmblock_enable="YES" vmware_guest_vmhgfs_enable="YES" vmware_guest_vmmemctl_enable="YES" vmware_guest_vmxnet_enable="YES" vmware_guestd_enable="YES"
You should then perform a reboot to ensure all still works as expected.
Then we will proceed to installing Gnome 3. You could opt for other environments, but Gnome is my preferred one, and it is very well-supported and runs on the trusty GTK3 libraries.
In order to do that run:
pkg install gnome-desktop gdm xorg gnome3
To enable GNOME at boot and login graphically add to the
We will need to add a virtual device for the GNOME processes in our
proc /proc procfs rw 0 0
After all these changes you can reboot and you should be able to login graphically to a clean and un-bloated GNOME desktop. You can then proceed to install the IDE and software of you choice to make your development environment work nicely.
Myself, I then activated the zpool in the separate HDD partition for my jails, and followed my tutorial for setting that up, which can be read here.
You can then proceed to rice your desktop, install your favourite programs, shell and etc.